How different is Turmeric/Haldi from Curcumin

We all are well aware of Haldi or Turmericas a common Indian Kitchen Spice but have you also heard of Curcumin? Well, we all have probably heard of both Turmeric and Curcumin...highly-publicized recent studies speak of the health benefits of both. Also, most of us have noticed that the two terms ‘Turmeric’ and ‘Curcumin’ are often used interchangeably and are touted for similar benefits. This may seem a little confusing to many. People who wish to buy supplements often find it difficult to decide between Turmeric supplements and Curcumin supplements. Read below to understand the actual difference between the two.

Turmeric is a kind of plant scientifically referred to as Curcumalonga. The rootstalk of the plant is known by the name of rhizome and it is the rhizome that is made into spice powders for culinary usage and into herbal drinks. But Curcumin is not the rhizome or anypart of the rhizome. Curcuminis an active plant compound that is present naturally in theTurmeric root or rhizome. Curcumin is a very potent antioxidant and a brilliant carotenoid pigment that impart Turmeric its bright yellow colour. There are two other natural compounds occurring in Turmeric. Those compounds are known by the name of bisdemethoxycurcumin and demethoxy curcumin. All the three compounds are collectively referred to as curcuminoids.

Anaverage root of Turmeric contains 2% to about 5% curcumin. Turmeric supplements are made up of the extracts of the whole Turmeric rhizome that contains many other vital nutrients other than Curcumin. The root is shredded, dried and converted into capsules. Curcumin supplements are made from the Curcumin compound that is isolated from the rhizome and is extracted through a complex procedure referred to as Chromatography. This implies that the antioxidant activity of Curcumin supplements is more powerful when compared to that of the whole root Turmeric supplement.